4 Things to Prepare Before Writing Your Child's Homeschool IEP
By Dawn Spence A common abbreviation in special education is IEP, which stands for your child’s Individualized Education Plan. This plan outlines your child’s academic and behavioral goals and is tailored to their unique abilities, helping guide their learning journey. Before you start writing your child’s IEP, gather the necessary information to create appropriate goals and objectives. 1. List Your Child’s Strengths and Weaknesses Begin by listing what your child does well and the areas where they need growth. This process defines their Present Levels of Performance (PLOPS). I found a useful checklist for $2.00, which you can find here. Additionally, searching “present levels” or “PLOPS” on Teachers Pay Teachers yields various forms, some even subject-specific (e.g., math, English), and many are free. This information is crucial for writing your IEP, as it establishes the foundation for what you want your child to learn and achieve. Document their strengths and weaknesses in both academic and behavioral areas. 2. Gather Former Testing or Observations Collect any previous testing results from school districts, home assessments, or tutoring sessions. These reports often include areas for improvement and may suggest goals. 3. Collaborate with Therapists If your child receives therapy, therapists can be a valuable resource. They often have checklists for therapy goals. Collaborating with my daughter’s therapists, we cover as many goals as possible. Therapists can identify strengths and weaknesses that you might not notice. 4. Compile Work Samples from Current Curriculum For example, if your child can add but struggles with subtraction, this helps you set relevant goals. Many curriculums offer placement tests to determine your child’s current level and progression path. These tests are often available online for free. Moving Forward With all your resources and information gathered, you’re ready to start writing your IEP. In the meantime, check out the IEP resources on our IEP Pinterest board.
How to Write Homeschool IEP Goals and Objectives
By Amy Vickrey, MSE For some children, IEP goals will target a specific subject or area of weakness, with other topics playing a minor role. For others, the goals may encompass their entire focus for the year. Let's delve into the difference between goals and objectives. Goals A goal is the intended outcome you want to achieve in each area of weakness. Ideally, you should have 3-5 goals focusing on the most critical areas or those with the greatest need. The best goals follow the SMART formula: SMART IEP Goals Are: Specific Measurable Use Action Words Realistic Time-Limited Objectives Objectives are the steps you take to reach your goal. They break down the larger goal by time or skill. Example: Handwriting Goal: John will write his name, with correctly formed letters, in the correct order, three times over a week. Objective 1: John will use play-doh, art materials, and manipulatives to create the individual letters to spell his name, using a visual prompt, three times over a week. Objective 2: John will write the individual letters, J, O, H, and N using correct form, three times over the week. Objective 3: John will use play-doh, art materials, and manipulatives to create the letters to spell his name correctly, using a visual prompt, three times over a week. These objectives build on each other so that by the time John completes the last objective, he is ready to achieve the final goal of writing his name correctly. Objectives or Not? Whether to include objectives depends on personal preference and the specific goal. Objectives can provide focus and direction on the steps and skills leading up to a goal. Goals can be applied to any academic or life skill area, such as math or toilet training. Looking Ahead Now that you know how to write goals, you can create a more focused and purposeful school day. The next article in this series will help you track progress so you know when to modify the goal or set a new one. More Resources For additional ideas, check out our IEP Pinterest board or explore these links: Setting Annual IEP Goals: What You Need to Know IEP Goals and Objectives – 1000s to Choose From Creating SMART IEP Goals and Objectives
Changing the Labels for Smart Girls with ADHD
By Dawn Jackson, M.Ed, Homeschool Consultant and Coach for Smart Girls w/ADHD  I love labels for my gadgets, drawers and pantry but not for people. I relish the idea of redefining the labels we give our children, so I am on a quest not just to change the way we see our differences, but how to reframe them and celebrate our unique gifts.  ADHD is a term now that is used for every brain that moves quickly or appears inattentive in a learning setting.  As a teacher of Special Education, at one time, I left the field out of frustration due to the lack of interest in redefining the meaning of labels for children and how they impact their lives. I have always had an eye for seeing things in a different way, and this is just one way I would like to share.  In this article I hope to help you see there is another way to think about girls diagnosed and undiagnosed with the label of ADHD; I call them smart girls for a reason.  Inattentiveness is a way parents and teachers may question that there may be a need for an intervention. Some traits may include; Missing details, short attention span, poor listening skills, lack of follow through, disorganized, apathy toward tasks, losing track of important items, forgetfulness, easily distracted, and daydreaming. As we well know, these traits can also show up in children that have been traumatized through some life event unknown to the parents or teachers. We have to be careful when we use labels and try not to give a diagnoses that only a caring professional can give.  Before I ever begin to question a child as being ADHD I try to learn more about them. What are the gifts that they have? What are their talents? How do they handle stressful situations like tests or doing a new tasks? I have learned there is usually more to the story.  What is interesting about girls and especially smart girls with ADHD, is that you don’t often recognize any of their struggles because they don’t often show up. The problem is that can actually hurt them in the long run.  I love working with children because they are all unique and have gifts that often go unnoticed.  The reason for this is partly due to the way they see themselves. In my work as a certified learning styles specialist I have enjoyed helping children and parents discover their learning strengths and natural gifts. I find that when a smart girl learns who she is and what her natural talents are, she becomes more secure in trying those things. Its almost like watching a baby see their reflection in a mirror for the first time, there is a giggle and a burst of joy.  So it is with our smart girls, not living under labels and fear, but learning to celebrate their curiosity, spontaneous, joyous and inventive minds.  (p.s. All Girls are Smart!! :) With Gratitude, Dawn 
Finding Engaging and Accessible Reading Content for Struggling Readers
By Peggy Ployhar One of the biggest challenges in teaching a child who struggles with reading is finding content that appeals to their intellectual level while matching their instructional level in subjects other than reading. Below are some excellent free resources for parents and educators seeking modified instructional reading texts to improve your child’s reading and comprehension skills. Instructional Reading Texts for Reading Comprehension: Already Modified for You ReadWorks: ReadWorks is a nonprofit that provides resources to help teach reading comprehension. You can search by topic, subject, reading passages, specific articles, or text paired with already developed lessons, vocabulary sets, and comprehension questions. Newsela: Newsela offers free access to news content written at five different reading levels, complete with comprehension quizzes. Search for content by reading level, topic, grade level, and find articles that include writing prompts. CommonLit: CommonLit is a free resource with a searchable library of passages for reading instruction for grades 3 to 12. You can create teacher and student accounts, assign comprehension assessments, and track progress. The site also offers Spanish passages and comprehension questions. News in Levels: Track progress of student reading of various world events Breaking News English: This UK-based site provides current event articles written at seven different reading levels. Each article includes a teacher lesson plan with vocabulary words, a table for organizing the text’s ideas, and a critical thinking exercise. For the Teachers Articles: A variety of free fictional articles written at three different reading levels for students from grade 3 to 10. Speech is Beautiful: 400 free adapted books for AAC users. Teachers Pay Teachers: Two stores on Teachers Pay Teachers that offer an extensive selection of lessons, books, and other teaching materials with modified reading texts are Miss A’s Mismatched Miracles and Ms. Meghan’s Special Minds and Hands. Modified Instructional Reading Texts: Modified by You If you haven't found exactly what you need, here are some free online resources to help you modify instructional texts you already own: Rewordify: Copy and paste complex text into this site to simplify the language, making it easier for a struggling student to comprehend. The site also offers options to include definitions of complex vocabulary words or create word learning sessions based on the converted vocabulary, building both spelling and vocabulary skills. Special Reads: While this site sells modified books for special needs readers, it also provides a free instructional article on how to modify your own text or books for your student. Improving reading comprehension and finding resources that fit your child’s interests and abilities can make an enormous difference in their academic success. These resources are cost-effective, allowing you to spend your time and energy helping your child progress and find success, rather than searching for the perfect materials.
Adapting Math Curriculum for Special Needs Learners
By Dawn Spence No single curriculum is one-size-fits-all, especially in math. Children with special needs and learning differences often require tailored approaches to meet their educational needs. I have purchased curricula only to realize that my child could not complete the activities as written. That is when I have to adapt the curriculum to fit her needs. Math is an easier subject to accommodate and modify because it lends itself to using hands-on materials and can be done on a computer. Math is an abstract subject, but by using manipulatives or other accommodations, it can be made more concrete. Accommodating Math Here are some ways to accommodate your current math curriculum. These strategies can help teach our learners more effectively: Provide graph paper: Helps line up numbers so that information stays organized, especially helpful with long division. (Free printable graph paper available at printfreegraphpaper.com) Allow the use of calculators Provide visuals and stories: To help learn math facts List the steps: Provide written or visual steps for problem-solving Use dry erase boards: Instead of pencil and paper Reduce the number of problems: Do some problems together with your student before having them work independently Draw pictures of story problems Modifying Math Here are some ways to modify your math curriculum. These changes alter what we teach and what the learner is expected to learn: Create workboxes: Focus on specific skills Use stamps: For writing numbers for those who cannot write numbers yet Make problems multiple choice Use stickers or hands-on objects: To help your learner count Provide partial steps: Write some steps for the learner and have them complete the remaining steps Use real objects: To work out story problems This list is a starting point for modifying your math curriculum.
Understanding Your Child’s Learning Progress: Free Assessment Tools for Homeschooling Struggling Learners
By Peggy Ployhar When homeschooling a struggling learner, understanding your child’s rate of progress, possible learning deficiencies, or level of mastery in a specific subject can be crucial. The free online assessment tools listed in this article are designed to assist you in these areas, helping you teach your child more effectively and aiding in their learning success. Important Note: These resources are not a substitute for professional advice. Assessments administered by a parent should not be used to diagnose a student but rather as an indicator that your child may need professional assistance as part of their educational plan. At SPED Homeschool, our goal is to help students succeed in parent-directed special education homeschooling. We hope you find these assessment tools helpful. General Assessments: Easy CBM Assessment Tool LD Info Parent Administered Cognitive Processing Inventory National Institute for Direct Instruction Placement Tests shared by Shanel Tarrant-Simone, SPED Homeschool Team Member and owner of Spectrum Parent Consulting K5 Learning Assessments ADDitude Self-Tests (Self-tests for common learning disabilities and psychological issues) Reading Assessments: General: University of Oregon Dynamic Inventory of Basic Early Literacy Skills Orton-Gillingham PDF Free Assessment Test Sonlight Language Arts Assessment Grammar: The Great Grammar Book Test Quill Grammar Diagnostic Test shared by Kathryn Grogg, Grogg Educational Consulting Dyslexia: Davis Dyslexia Screening Assessment shared by Beverly Parrish, Learn Your Way Dynaread Dyslexia Test Learning Success Dyslexia Test Lexercise Dyslexia Test Nessy Dyslexia Test (5-7 years) All About Learning Dyslexia Screening Checklist shared by D.M. Spence, SPED Homeschool Team Member and private homeschooling consultant Reading: Diane Craft Word Recognition Placement Test Dianne Craft Right Brained Reader Placement Test Sonlight Reading Assessment National Institute for Direct Instruction Corrective Reading Tests shared by Shanel Tarrant-Simone, owner of Spectrum Parent Consulting Math Assessments: General: Little Giant Steps Math Facts Assessment Singapore Math Placement Assessments Horizons Math Readiness Evaluations Math Mammoth Placement Assessments shared by Kathryn Grogg, Grogg Educational Consulting Saxon Math Placement Assessment shared by Kathy Kuhl, Learn Differently Dyscalculia: Learning Success Dyscalculia Assessment Exceptional Individuals Dyscalculia Test Various Other Assessments: Auditory Processing: Little Giant Steps Auditory Processing Test Kit Harkla Online Auditory Processing Test Functional/Educational Vision: See Ability Functional Visual Assessment Speech Articulation: Mommy Speech Therapy Articulation Screener Psychological Screening Tools: Healthy Place Psychological Tests ADDitude Self-Tests (Self-tests for common learning disabilities and psychological issues) Handwriting: Learning Without Tears Screener of Handwriting Proficiency shared by D.M. Spence, SPED Homeschool Team Member and private homeschooling consultant Learning Without Tears Pre-K Handwriting Assessment shared by D.M. Spence, SPED Homeschool Team Member and private homeschooling consultant Do you have any other free tools you use to assess your homeschooled struggling learner? We would love to have you share them with us. The more resources we can share with one another, the better equipped our community will be to successfully homeschool each of our unique children. Thanks for being part of our community and for sharing!
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IEP Template and Guide
Download your free homeschool IEP fillable Word template and guide with clickable resource links (see bottom of article for links). Here also are some additional resources that will help you fill out each section of your student's IEP: Here are a couple of articles to help you start figuring out your child’s present levels: https://spedhomeschool.com/discovering-present-levels-to-create-iep-and-sep-goals/ - A real-life example of how to think about present levels. https://spedhomeschool.com/4-things-to-prepare-before-writing-your-childs-iep/ - More ideas on how to figure out your child’s present levels. You may also need a little help understanding all the acronyms used in the special needs world. Here is a list to help you be “in the know.” https://spedhomeschool.com/popular-special-needs-homeschooling-acronyms/ It is important that you complete the present levels to the best of your ability. Think of it like your child running a race. Present levels are the starting line and the end of the school year is the finish line. All you need to do is pick a place to start. The fillable Homeschool IEP document gives you several areas to look at where your child may need additional support to function in school: transition (to adulthood after high school) behavior communication language learner physical needs assistive technology therapy integrations Once you have determined your child's needs, then you see which academic subjects are affected. You may find that your child only needs a few accommodations or adaptions in one or two subject areas. With a global delay, you may find all subject areas are affected and that is okay. Here are some articles to help you think about how you might be able to help your child: https://spedhomeschool.com/pulling-together-your-iep-understanding-accommodations/ - Fourteen ways to accommodate your child https://spedhomeschool.com/writing-an-iep-accommodations-and-modifications/ - A great explanation of the difference between accommodations and modifications with examples of each. Next up: writing goals. Are you ready for the main event? All the work you've done to this point is to gather background information you need to create realistic, helpful goals for your child's education. Take your time with this step and write them well. The key thing about goals is they need to be measurable. If you can't measure it, you can't track progress. The SPED Homeschool website has several articles on writing goals. Here is a sampling: https://spedhomeschool.com/how-to-write-iep-goals-and-objectives/ https://spedhomeschool.com/4-steps-to-writing-fail-proof-behavior-goals-for-your-iep-plus-bonus-tips-for-success/ https://spedhomeschool.com/embracing-your-childs-new-goals/ DON'T MISS THIS: How to Write a Homeschool IEP/SEP An interview with Judi Munday. Judi is a wealth of information on this topic and has supported the homeschool community for decades. You will find all kind of nuggets of helpful information in this interview. One more thing. If feel you need help writing goals, especially the first time, SPED Homeschool has connections with several consultants who can help you develop good, solid goals for your child. Just email our office at [email protected] and we will send you a list. Can you see the finish line yet? Writing an IEP/SEP is a big task the first time around. After that, it gets much easier. One thing that makes it easier is consistent goal tracking throughout the year. If things are going smoothly, you can track once a quarter, which is every 9 weeks. If your child is not progressing on his or her goals, your tracking will let you know early in the year and you can adjust the goals to something more realistic for your child. A word of advice: don't change things too often. In general, you should give any curriculum or plan you have a good 4-6 weeks. Even if it is not working well, you can identify what works and what doesn't so you know what kind of changes to make. Here are some resources on goal tracking to help you out: https://spedhomeschool.com/how-to-track-iep-goals/ https://spedhomeschool.com/mastering-the-art-of-record-keeping/ Effective IEP Goal Tracking and Gaming Strategies (video) Now you are ready to teach! SPED Homeschool has a wealth of resources to help you do that.  We look forward to continuing this journey with you! The SPED Homeschool Team
Where to Turn When Curriculum Isn't Helping
By Jan Bedell, PhD, Master Neurodevelopmentalist A common question from homeschool families is, “What curriculum do you have for ______?” Fill in the blank with one of the myriad of labels that are prevalent today – dyslexia, ASD, ADD, ADHD, dysgraphia, all types of syndromes. The answer is that there really isn’t one. WAIT! Before you panic or throw up your hands, let me reassure you that there are solutions to your dilemma, but they are not found in a specific curriculum. To find the answer, you definitely have to think outside the box. As a neurodevelopmentalist for 30 years, I can tell you that each situation is unique. Every child brings their own set of challenges to the situation, and no two are exactly the same. Let me give you a few examples of possible root causes of specific symptoms that need to be considered for the best way forward for the child. Reading Difficulties or Dyslexia If a child has trouble reading or is labeled dyslexic, a few of the root issues may be: Eye Tracking: Difficulty in tracking horizontally and/or vertically. Eye Convergence: Poor eye convergence resulting in an unclear image. Auditory Processing: Low auditory short-term memory, making it challenging to hold phonics pieces together to form words. Central Vision: Underdeveloped central vision causing skipping of words or lines. Memory Storage: The brain not storing learned information correctly, causing inconsistent recall—knowing a word one day and forgetting it the next. ADD/ADHD Symptoms If a child has ADD/ADHD symptoms or labels, a few of the root issues may be: Sensory Hypersensitivity: Over-sensitivity to visual, auditory, or touch stimuli leading to symptoms like distractibility. Metabolic Issues: Chemical imbalances in the body causing poor behavior. Low Auditory Processing: Poor development in this area resulting in: Inability to stay on task Trouble following directions Difficulty seeing cause and effect Forgetting to do chores Immature behavior Struggles with math word problems Slow or no use of phonics Challenges in following conversations Low reading comprehension Preference for playing with younger children Dysgraphia Symptoms If a child has dysgraphia symptoms or labels, a few of the root issues may be: Proprioception: Poor knowledge of body position in space. Immature Neural Pathways: Underdeveloped pathways from the brain to the fingers. Muscle Tone: Low muscle tone causing inefficient hand strength. Central Vision Development: Weak development resulting in: Inability to write on a line Large and small letters mixed together Inconsistent spacing of words Hand fatigue with writing Difficulty staying within lines when coloring These situations are frustrating for parents, teachers, and children. The good news is that the brain possesses an amazing, God-given ability to grow and change with the right kind of stimulation. Each label or symptom within a label has a reason in the wiring of the brain that allows it to exist. More and more often, I see children with multiple labels. This just means that brain inefficiencies are overlapping, causing many symptoms in multiple categories. As stated previously, each child has a unique set of symptoms. There are, however, many combinations of symptoms that we see with different labels. When the root cause is addressed, it brings relief in academic pursuits without the need to change the curriculum. Our job as educators, from the home educator to the professional advising the family, is to look past the current functional ability—HELP MY CHILD CAN’T READ OR DO MATH!—to what may be causing academics to be less than desirable. Your first advice in this search is, “The full answer will not be found in any one curriculum.” Start the WHY Search! Why is the child distracted? Is it too much sensory stimulation? To find out and discover some solutions, visit our YouTube Channel – Brain Coach Tips. Look for: It’s Not That Loud!, Hyper Vision, It’s Just a Sock! Is it low auditory processing? To start your search, watch The New Label on the Block CAPD. There is much more to explore on our channel when looking for root causes. We are also here to help you if you want personal direction. Just set up a free consultation at Brain Sprints. May God richly bless you in your search for how to best help your child! About Jan In 1992, a journey started that transitioned Jan from a desperate homeschool mom of a struggling learner into a master neurodevelopmentalist. With her new knowledge of brain optimization, coupled with experience as a public, private, and homeschool teacher, she developed curriculum and training programs for parents and professionals. The NeuroDevelopmental Approach gave her hope for her daughter, and now Dr. Jan, aka Brain Coach™, dedicates her time to helping children, teens, and adults reach their fullest God-given potential, whether they are gifted, typical, or challenged.
25 Adaptable St Patrick's Day Homeschool Activities
By Peggy Ployhar Whether St. Patrick’s Day brings out the Irish in you, or you are just looking for an excuse to change up your homeschooling schedule for a day, we have some tips for you! Here are some great ways to incorporate this holiday’s celebrations for the faithful, history buffs, stagnant learners, children who need challenges, or those needing a break. These resources are my top free picks from the SPED Homeschool St. Patrick’s Day Pinterest board. If you want more inexpensive and adaptable resources, make sure to check out all the links on that board. Or, better yet, explore all the SPED Homeschool Pinterest boards for resources to help you in every area of homeschooling a student with special educational needs. Faith St. Patrick’s Day Bible Verse Scavenger Hunt – Enjoy this fun activity while following the great ideas included on this site about how to talk with your children about evangelism. 7 Verses for a Christ-Centered St. Patrick’s Day – Great verses to start discussions with your children about how St. Patrick spread the gospel to Ireland. Share the Good News Like St. Patrick – Use this lesson to help your children learn how the gospel is for everyone and how to share it with others. History History of St. Patrick’s Day Video – Learn all about the history and traditions around St. Patrick’s Day in this short 4-minute video. The Real St. Patrick – A list of books, video links, and other activities and lessons to educate about the historical St. Patrick. Language Arts Find and Rhyme Clover Treasure Hunt Game – A fun treasure hunt for clovers that will help your children work on their literacy skills. I Spy St. Patrick’s CVC Words – Find the 10 hidden words on this free printable; you may need a magnifying glass to find them. St. Patrick’s Vocabulary Cards – 20 different words you can use for teaching vocabulary, plus fun activities you can do with them. Leprechaun Themed Writing Prompt – Get your child’s creative words flowing as they use them to describe the leprechaun they are searching for. Math Counting Shamrocks – Work on counting and sequencing with this fun, hands-on activity. Clover Addition & Subtraction Cards – Use these cards with manipulatives to practice adding and subtracting skills. March Math Challenges & Brain Teasers – Free resources to help with adding, subtracting, and simple multiplication. Shamrock Math Race – A fun and active way to reinforce counting and get a bit of exercise while doing it. Therapy Fine Motor Shamrock Craft – A fun way to have your child work on fine motor skills while making beautiful green shamrocks. Gross Motor Clover Hop – Get your kids up and jumping with this fun activity. 15+ St. Patrick’s Day Speech and Language Activities – Work on your child’s speech and language goals with these fun St. Patrick’s Day activities. STEM Leprechaun Lego Trap – Is your child up to the challenge? This article will give you all you need to set up the challenge and get your child’s creative juices flowing. Crack the Code – 11 different St. Patrick’s Day crack the code free printable sheets. St. Patrick’s Day STEM Challenges – Three St. Patrick’s Day STEM challenges that use everyday items from your home. Unit Study Christ-Centered St. Patrick’s Day Ideas – A list of things you can do as a family to learn and grow in your faith together on St. Patrick’s Day. Ireland Unit Study – Learn all about Ireland through this study’s recommended books, videos, crafts, recipes, and more. St. Patrick’s Day Unit Study – Use this free unit study to bring together an entire day of learning, all centered around St. Patrick’s Day. History of St. Patrick Unit Study – Cover math, science, social studies, language arts, geography, and more while learning the history of St. Patrick. Sensory and Breaks Sparkling Play Dough – Use this play dough recipe for stress-relieving sensory play. St. Patrick’s Day Brain Breaks – 8 ideas for St. Patrick’s Day brain breaks you can use between seated school times. Have a great St. Patrick’s Day!
Planning for the Future for your Special Needs Child
By Shanel Tarrant-Simone Planning for the future often varies and should commence early for our children with learning differences and special needs. Below, I'll cover a range of topics that I hope you find helpful when planning your child's future. We'll address foundational skills and how to access resources at an early age. Through nearly ten years of working in public school special education, and being a mom of seventeen-year-old twin boys with Level 3 Autism, I've learned that Activities of Daily Living (ADL) are crucial in accessing the community when our children are no longer school-age. ADLs are the skills our children will need to function as independently as possible, regardless of what the future holds for them. When should I start planning for my child's future? It's never too early to plan. Our homeschool curriculum and "lifestyle of learning" should support our child's post-school goals soon after diagnosis or as early as elementary age. And because some of our children need more time to acquire even basic skills, teaching towards independence as much as possible begins at the preschool level. This includes the often overlooked but vital skill of Functional Communication. The best advice I've received from someone working with adults on the Spectrum is that "functional language and safely being able to use a public restroom are the two most important skills we can give a special needs child/adult. Academics are important but less so if these two basics aren't mastered." What questions should I ask when planning for my child's future? Education: Will my child attend college, Trade/Vocational School, or spend several days each week in the community at a DayHab facility? Legal: Do I have all necessary documents such as a will and Special Needs Trust? Will my child need full Guardianship or will Supported Decision Making suffice? Living Arrangements: Will they live independently? If so, where? Is Supported (semi-independent) Living, Group Home, or Host Home Companion (Foster Care) the best option? Or will they remain at home with family? What supports are needed to access the community? Job/Financial: Will my child have a job? Volunteer? Require Employment Assistance or Supported Employment? Local & State Services: Who is my Local Authority? What services are available to my child as a minor and as an adult? Is there a waiver list to support their community-based, behavioral, medical, and financial needs? Should I apply for SSI and Medicaid? These are just a few of the many decisions that need to be made for our children. Some need addressing early, others as they approach high school age. I am currently making some of the more time-sensitive and critical adult transition decisions for my boys. I hope my experiences over the last twelve years will be helpful to you and your family when making these difficult but necessary decisions.